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Ready to BREAK FREE FROM PAIN and
reclaim your
vitality?

Discover relief for common conditions with Active Performance Therapy. If you don't see your condition listed - reach out to us today for a comprehensive assessment tailored just for you!

Neck

1. Neck Pain:
Symptoms: Stiffness, limited range of motion, sharp or dull pain, radiating pain to the shoulders or arms, headaches.
Causes: Poor posture, muscle strain, whiplash injury, herniated disc, cervical spondylosis (degenerative changes in the cervical spine), arthritis, stress.


2. Cervical Spine Dysfunction:
Symptoms: Neck pain, stiffness, muscle spasms, decreased range of motion, headaches, weakness or numbness in the
arms.
Causes: Various conditions affecting the cervical spine, including muscle strain, disc herniation, arthritis, spinal stenosis, degenerative changes, trauma.


3. Whiplash Injury:
Symptoms: Neck pain and stiffness, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, shoulder or upper back pain, tingling or numbness in the arms.
Causes: Sudden hyperextension and flexion of the neck, often due to rear-end car accidents, sports injuries, physical assault, or falls.


4. Herniated Disc (Cervical):
Symptoms: Neck pain, radiating pain down one arm, numbness, tingling, weakness in the arms or hands, decreased grip strength.
Causes: Rupture or bulging of the intervertebral disc in the cervical spine, often due to age-related degeneration, trauma, repetitive strain, or sudden twisting movements.


5. Cervicogenic Headaches:
Symptoms: Headaches that originate from the neck, typically one-sided, neck pain or stiffness, pain that worsens with neck movement or sustained postures.
Causes: Dysfunction or irritation of the cervical spine structures (e.g., joints, nerves, muscles), often due to poor posture, muscle tension, disc herniation, or arthritis.

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Back

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1. Low Back Pain:
Symptoms: Dull or sharp pain in the lower back, stiffness, muscle spasms, pain radiating down the leg (sciatica), difficulty standing or sitting for long periods.
Causes: Muscle strain, herniated disc, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, poor posture, lifting heavy objects improperly, obesity, sedentary lifestyle.


2. Sciatica:
Symptoms: Pain that radiates from the lower back down the back of the leg, numbness, tingling, weakness in the affected leg, difficulty sitting or standing for long periods.
Causes: Compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, often due to a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, degenerative changes in the spine, trauma.


3. Lumbar Spine Dysfunction:
Symptoms: Back pain, stiffness, limited range of motion, muscle weakness, muscle spasms.
Causes: Various conditions affecting the lumbar spine, including muscle strain, disc herniation, degenerative changes, spinal misalignment, poor posture.


4. Herniated Disc (Lumbar):
Symptoms: Back pain, radiating pain down one leg (sciatica), numbness, tingling, weakness in the affected leg, difficulty standing or walking.
Causes: Rupture or bulging of the intervertebral disc in the lumbar spine, often due to age-related degeneration, trauma, repetitive heavy lifting, or sudden twisting movements.


5. Scoliosis:
Symptoms: Abnormal curvature of the spine, uneven shoulders or hips, one shoulder or hip appearing higher than the other, back pain, muscle stiffness.
Causes: Idiopathic (unknown cause) in most cases, may be congenital (present at birth) or develop during adolescence, neuromuscular conditions, asymmetric muscle weakness or tightness.

Shoulder

1. Rotator Cuff Tendinitis:
Symptoms: Shoulder pain, especially with overhead movements, weakness, limited range of motion, clicking or popping sounds.
Causes: Overuse or repetitive movements, aging, poor posture, shoulder impingement, sports injuries, lifting heavy objects 

2. Shoulder Impingement Syndrome:
Symptoms: Shoulder pain, especially with reaching overhead or behind the back, weakness, stiffness, pain at night.

Causes: Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and bursa between the acromion (part of the shoulder blade) and the humerus (upper arm bone), repetitive overhead activities (e.g., painting, swimming), poor posture, muscle imbalances. 

3. Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis):
Symptoms: Gradual onset of shoulder pain and stiffness, limited range of motion, difficulty reaching behind the back or overhead.
Causes: Inflammation and thickening of the shoulder joint capsule, leading to adhesions and restricted movement, often idiopathic but can be associated with diabetes, shoulder injury, or surgery.

4. Shoulder Instability:
Symptoms: Feeling of the shoulder "slipping" out of place, pain with certain movements, sensation of looseness or instability.
Causes: Traumatic injury (e.g., dislocation), repetitive overhead activities (e.g., throwing), ligament laxity, muscle weakness, structural abnormalities of the shoulder joint.

5. Shoulder Bursitis:
Symptoms: Shoulder pain, especially with overhead movements, tenderness, swelling, warmth over the affected area.

Causes: Inflammation of the bursa (fluid-filled sac) in the shoulder joint, repetitive overhead activities, direct trauma, underlying conditions such as arthritis or infection

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Elbow and Wrist

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1. Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis):
Symptoms: Pain on the outer part of the elbow, worsens with gripping or lifting, weakness in the forearm, difficulty extending the wrist.
Causes: Overuse of the forearm muscles, repetitive wrist extension activities (e.g., tennis, typing), improper technique during physical activities.


2. Golfer's Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis):
Symptoms: Pain on the inner part of the elbow, worsens with gripping or lifting, weakness in the forearm, difficulty flexing the wrist.
Causes: Overuse of the wrist flexor muscles, repetitive wrist flexion activities (e.g., golf, gardening), improper technique during physical activities.


3. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:
Symptoms: Numbness, tingling, or pain in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers, weakness in the hand, nighttime symptoms.
Causes: Compression of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist, repetitive hand movements (e.g., typing, assembly line work), wrist injury, pregnancy, arthritis.


4. Elbow or Wrist Sprain:
Symptoms: Pain, swelling, bruising, tenderness, limited range of motion.
Causes: Stretching or tearing of the ligaments in the elbow or wrist due to sudden impact, twisting, or overextension, sports injuries, falls.


5. De Quervain's Tenosynovitis:
Symptoms: Pain and swelling at the base of the thumb, worsens with thumb movement or gripping, difficulty grasping objects.
Causes: Inflammation of the tendons and their sheath (synovium) on the thumb side of the wrist, repetitive thumb movements (e.g., lifting, texting), overuse of the wrist and thumb.

Hip

1. Hip Osteoarthritis:
Symptoms: Hip pain, stiffness, limited range of motion, pain worsening with weight-bearing activities, difficulty walking or climbing stairs.
Causes: Degenerative changes in the hip joint cartilage, aging, previous hip injuries, obesity, genetics, abnormal hip joint anatomy.


2. Hip Bursitis:
Symptoms: Pain on the outer hip or buttock, worsens with prolonged walking or climbing stairs, tenderness, swelling.
Causes: Inflammation of the bursae (fluid-filled sacs) around the hip joint due to overuse, prolonged pressure on the hip (e.g., sitting for long periods), hip injury, arthritis.


3. Hip Labral Tear:
Symptoms: Hip or groin pain, clicking or locking sensation in the hip joint, stiffness, decreased range of motion, instability.
Causes: Trauma or injury to the hip joint, repetitive motions (e.g., twisting), structural abnormalities of the hip joint, degenerative changes, hip impingement.


4. Hip Flexor Strain:
Symptoms: Pain in the front of the hip or groin, worsens with hip flexion or stretching, weakness, difficulty walking or climbing stairs.
Causes: Overstretching or tearing of the hip flexor muscles (e.g., iliopsoas), sudden movements, repetitive hip flexion activities (e.g., running, kicking), inadequate warm-up.


5. Hip Impingement Syndrome (Femoroacetabular Impingement):
Symptoms: Hip or groin pain, especially with hip flexion or rotation, stiffness, decreased range of motion, clicking or catching sensation.
Causes: Structural abnormalities of the hip joint (e.g., abnormal shape of the femoral head or acetabulum), repetitive movements causing impingement, sports activities requiring repetitive hip motion (e.g., dancing, hockey).

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Ankle and Knee

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1. Ankle Sprain:
Symptoms: Swelling, bruising, pain, difficulty bearing weight on the affected ankle, instability.
Causes: Ligament tears due to twisting or rolling the ankle, uneven surfaces, sports injuries, improper footwear, weak muscles.


2. Achilles Tendinitis:
Symptoms: Pain and stiffness in the Achilles tendon, swelling, tenderness, difficulty walking or running
Causes: Overuse or repetitive stress on the Achilles tendon, sudden increase in physical activity, tight calf muscles, improper footwear.


3. Plantar Fasciitis:
Symptoms: Heel pain, especially in the morning or after prolonged rest, pain with walking or standing, stiffness.

Causes: Inflammation of the plantar fascia due to overuse, high-impact activities, flat feet, tight calf muscles, obesity.


4. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee):
Symptoms: Pain around or behind the kneecap, especially with activities like running, squatting, or climbing stairs, swelling, popping or grinding sensation.
Causes: Overuse or repetitive stress on the kneecap, poor tracking of the patella within the femoral groove, muscle imbalances, flat feet, improper footwear.


5. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury:
Symptoms: Sudden onset of knee pain, swelling, instability or giving way of the knee, popping sensation at the time of injury.
Causes: Sudden twisting or hyperextension of the knee, direct blow to the knee, sports

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